Kapustapusto: Delicious Dish of European Countries

Have you heard of the dish kapustapusto? This full of flavor meal is a staple in many Central and Eastern European countries. In this article, we will explore the origin, ingredients, and cooking methods of kapustapusto which will help you in making this dish at home.

What is Kapustapusto?

What is Kapustapusto
A Bowl Full of Kapustapusto

Kapustapusto, also known as kapusniak, is a cabbage soup or stew made by simmering sauerkraut and meat in a tomato or creamy broth. It is a nutritious one-pot meal that is budget-friendly, easy to make, and can feed a crowd.

The name kapustapusto comes from the Polish word kapusta meaning cabbage and pusto meaning stew. It is a beloved staple during the cold winter months in Poland, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, and many other countries in the region. The tartness of the sauerkraut combined with tender meat and vegetables makes it a delicious and satisfying meal.

Origin and History of Kapustapusto

Kapustapusto has long been a traditional peasant food in many Eastern European cultures. Making sauerkraut and pork were some of the primary means of food preservation before refrigeration. Kapustapusto allowed people to stretch out and use up leftover sauerkraut and meat.

The first known recipe appears in a 16th century Polish cookbook. Kapustapusto became more widespread as a cheap and nourishing meal during hard times like wars, poverty, and communism in the 20th century. It remains a cultural staple today, often served for celebrations and holidays.

Key Ingredients

The key ingredients that give kapustapusto its signature flavor are:

  • Sauerkraut: Finely shredded and fermented cabbage that gives the dish tang and crunch.
  • Meat: Traditionally pork, beef or kielbasa sausage. Provides hearty flavor and texture.
  • Onions: Yellow or white onions sautéed to add aromatics.
  • Tomatoes: Diced tomatoes lend sweetness, color and texture.
  • Broth: Meat or vegetable stock builds rich, savory depth. Some recipes use milk or cream.
  • Potatoes: Diced potatoes add bulk, and soak up the delicious broth.
  • Mushrooms: Varieties like white button or cremini lend an earthy, meaty quality.
  • Caraway Seed: This spice adds subtle anise flavor that pairs perfectly with sauerkraut.

Cooking Method of Kapustapusto

There is an easy method for putting together this cabbage-based stew:

  • Saute the Onion and Meat: Cook the onion until translucent then brown the meat in batches. This builds a flavorful base.
  • Simmer the Sauerkraut: Add shredded sauerkraut and a splash of broth. Let it heat through and wilt.
  • Build Layers of Flavor: Add diced tomatoes, mushrooms, potatoes, and seasonings. Pour in more broth.
  • Low and Slow: Allow the kapustapusto to simmer for 1-2 hours, until potatoes are tender.
  • Adjust Consistency: If the stew becomes too thick, add more liquid. If it is too thin, mix a slurry of flour and water.
  • Garnish with Fresh Dill: Just before serving, sprinkle with chopped fresh dill for brightness.

Popular Additions and Variations of Kapustapusto

Kapustapusto is also famous because it is customizable. Here are some tasty additions and variations of this food:

  • Meats: Kielbasa, pork shoulder, bacon, chicken, turkey kielbasa, smoked sausage
  • Vegetables: Bell peppers, parsnips, carrots, celery, green beans, cabbage
  • Seasonings: Caraway, mustard seed, paprika, garlic, bay leaf, nutmeg, allspice
  • Broths: Beef, chicken or vegetable broth, tomato juice, milk, cream
  • Beans: White beans, kidney beans, or chickpeas for extra protein
  • Grains: Barley, rice or small pasta shapes added at the end

Health Benefits

Beyond being budget-friendly and yummy, kapustapusto offers some excellent health and nutrition perks:

  • Sauerkraut is packed with gut-healthy probiotics. Its fermentation amplifies vitamin and minerals.
  • Using lean meats like turkey provides protein to keep you full and energized.
  • The abundance of vegetables offers vitamins A, C, K and important antioxidants.
  • Potatoes deliver energizing complex carbohydrates, potassium and iron.
  • Nutrient-dense broth made from bones boosts the vitamin and mineral content of meal.

Tips for Serving Kapustapusto

Here are some tips to get the most out of each bowl of kapustapusto:

  • Garnish with fresh dill, parsley, scallions or shredded cabbage on top for color and freshness.
  • Add a dollop of sour cream or Greek yogurt to balance the tartness of the sauerkraut.
  • Serve with crusty bread to soak up the flavorful broth.
  • Round out the meal with a crisp green salad.
  • Kapustapusto tastes even better the next day once the flavors have married. Leftovers can be frozen.
  • For a lighter meal, try it over spiralized vegetables like zucchini noodles.


With its bold flavors and versatility, kapustapusto is the ultimate cold weather delecious food. Follow the tips given in this article to make this tasty cabbage stew at home. Also, comment down what is your favorite way to enjoy kapustapusto?

Abaidullah Shahid

Content Writer & Blogger · Abaidullah Shahid is a content writer and SEO Copywriter from Lahore, Pakistan. He got Google certifications in SEO, Digital Marketing and E-commerce, and has 3 years of experience in blogging. Abaidullah is a professional writer especially related to the fashion and lifestyle industry. He writes for various agencies, clients and his own website, invisiblelocs.net with passion. His content mainly focuses on fashion and beauty. In addition to professional life, he is studying BS International Relations at GCU Lahore.

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